Guidelines for the submission of user-generated content 

CTV invites viewers to submit video material to the channel for broadcast. Here are some guidelines that contributors should be aware of when they make this content.
Types of Content
You can submit any type of programme material. However CTV does have some programmes that make use of public contributions; these include:
Arts
Profiles on artists, arts debates or issues, animations, experimental videos, documentary inserts on various types of arts including crafts, fine art, street art and cultural art.
Youth
Anything made by youth for youth. Contributions can range from serious issues such as social issues, politics, community issues, human rights and social justice issues, education, sports and career options as well as more light hearted subjects such a fashion and sport. Short films will also be accepted. No arts, music or religion coverage because these items would go into other programmes.
Music videos
Bands, singers, musicians playing original music, musicians profiles of all genres will be accepted. These contributions require a release form signed by the artists, giving CTV the right to broadcast their music free of charge (i.e. no royalties are payable for broadcast of these videos).
No contributions may be accepted from musicians who are members of the Recording Industry of South Africa (RISA) because CTV does not have an agreement in place with this organisation.
Other
CTV will also accept children’s programming, short films, documentaries, news, sport and community events. No personal events such as weddings and birthdays. No music events (because of copyright issues).
Submission Process
    • Video material can be submitted to CTV on DVD or on a portable hard drive or Flash drive
    • You must complete a licensing agreement form (available from the CTV office or from acquisitions at capetowntv.org
Technical Specifications You can submit your video in any digital format (usually AVI, MPEG2, MPEG4 or MOV files). CTV will convert these formats to broadcast specifications, which are as follows:
Resolution: 720 x 576 pixels
Frame rate: 25 frames per second
Video system: PAL
Aspect ratio:  16:9 (PAL widescreen)
Display ratio: Interlaced (top field first)
Audio: Stereo, peaking at 0dB
Bitrate: 8000 Kbps
Be aware that if your video is in a format size smaller than 720 x 576 pixels, it is likely to pixelate (digital distortion) when the size is increased for broadcast. Legal Requirements
    1. CTV needs your written permission to broadcast your material. You must sign a licensing form, available from our programming department. You can get a form via email – send a request to acquisitions at capetowntv.org or come into our offices to sign.
    2. Contributors may not claim to be shooting their content on behalf of CTV. When shooting material you must specify in all interactions with subjects or authorities that you are filming for your own purposes.
    3. When shooting on government-owned property you must have a permit from the Cape Film Office.
    4. When actors are used they must sign a release form giving you permission to use them for television appearances.
    5. Material must not contain any commercial content – i.e. which promotes products, businesses or other commercial ventures.
    6. Material that contains content which may result in an age restriction must be marked as such. This includes scenes of violence, strong language, drug and alcohol use or abuse.
    7. CTV will not broadcast any material that contains offensive or illegal material such as hate speech, prejudice, sexism, homophobia or pornography. Also no material that promotes gambling or the use of alcohol.
    8. CTV reserves the right to not broadcast contributions.
Music Content Requirements
If your video has music in it, you must adhere to the following rules:
    1. No commercial music may be used (i.e. from popular artists who you hear on radio or see on TV).
    2. CTV is registered with Norm and SAMRO. Therefore you can use what is called “library music”, that is music that has been specially recorded for use in broadcast programmes.
    3. You can use royalty-free music that is available on certain websites (see below).
    4. You must fill in a music cue sheet that gives the title of the track, the name of the artist, the title of the album it appears on and the name of the music publisher who distributed the album. The duration of the track in your video must be stated and this must be done for each piece of music that you use.
    5. Content needs to comply with the legal requirements of our national laws including the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
Religion
    1. Material that documents the social or community upliftment efforts of religious organisations or practitioners may be submitted.
    2. No material that promotes sectarian beliefs, religions or religious events will be accepted in the user-generated content category.
    3. Religious organisations may apply to have their promotional content broadcast at a fee.
Shooting guidelines
Video:
    • Video material can be shot on cell phones and small consumer-level digital cameras. However the better the quality of your camera, the better the quality you will be able to achieve with your video images.
    • Videos consist of shots arranged in a sequence. Avoid simply waving your camera around wildly.
    • Keep the camera steady while taking your shot. Avoid shooting from a moving vehicle.
    • Take the time to establish your shot – as a close-up, medium or long shot.
    • Avoid zooming in and out of the subject.
    • Pans (i.e. moving the camera from side to side) should done as slowly and smoothly as possible.
    • Subjects should be well-lit – take care when the subject is back lit (lots of light behind them) to ensure that your camera is set for the light on the subject and not the back light. Avoid shooting directly into the sun.
    • Take care of framing so that everything you want to capture is in frame.
    • Avoid very long shots where the subject is lost in the distance.
    • Video often does not capture fast motion very well, unless you have a camera that has controls for shutter speed.
Audio:
    • Capturing good quality audio (sound) is an important aspect of video production.
    • If you don’t have a separate microphone, keep the camera at the right distance from the subject to capture the sound that is not distorted (too high) or too low to be heard. You may have to do some experiments to determine what this distance is.
Sources of royalty-free music
Free video editing software
 
See http://tv.isg.si/site/?q=node/873 for a list of free editing software for all computer platforms.